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Chaac was the Mayan god of thunder and rainstorms. Mayans believed that when Chaac struck with his axe, it produced lightning and thunder.
Mayans also associated Chaac with the four cardinal directions. In some sources, the four directions are called the four Chaacs.
Mayans dedicated a number of religious rituals in honor of Chaac , often celebrating these rituals around the natural wells called cenotes. Sometimes, human sacrifices in the form of drowning were carried out to please Chaac.
They referred to him as a single entity as well as a collection of four deities. Mayans believed that when in a previous epoch, the gods were unhappy with their creation of the world and decided to destroy it in a deluge.
The Bacabs were four brothers tasked with upholding the sky. In the Maya book known as the Madrid Codex , Itzamna wears a tall cylindrical headdress and an ornamented back cape.
Ah Puch is the Maya god of the dead, most often associated with death, corporal decomposition, and the welfare of the newly dead. In both versions, Ah Puch is the epitome of decay, appearing in a skeletal form and frequently in execution scenes.
Representations of Ah Puch often include large black spots on his body, probably representations of putrefaction, and a large, grossly bloated belly, a belly sometimes replaced with rotting matter or spilling blood.
Classic period images sometimes include a hairlike ruff "death ruff" with globular elements extending outward, which have been identified as bells, rattles, or extruded eyeballs.
He often has a human bone in his hair. His images are often comical, with specific references to his anus and flatulence. Akan, known as God A' pronounced "God A Prime" to scholars, is another god of death, but more specifically, the god of wine and drinking, disease and death.
The face of Akan is characterized by a division sign or percent sign on his cheek and a blackened region around his eye. There is often a sign for darkness or night Ak'b'al or Akbal above or around his eye, and there is often a human femur in his hair.
Scholars say he is the deity of suicide, often illustrated as cutting off his own head. He is the one-legged creator god and idol and the Maya lightning god.
Illustrations of Huracan show him with a long, serpentine nose with belly scutes—horny plates like those seen on a turtle shell extending out from his abdomen—and a single, often burning serpent-like leg and foot.
Sometimes he carries an ax, a burning torch, or a cigar, and he often has a circular mirror embedded in his forehead.
In the Popol Vuh, Huracan is described as three gods, beings who together initiated the moment of creation:. Mayan gods could change themselves into human and animal shapes.
Priests performed ceremonies to keep the gods happy. He was always malevolent. Ek was the god of war, human sacrifice, and violent death.
In addition to these, there were patron gods, 13 of the upper world and nine of the lower, plus numerous calendar gods who posed for glyphs.
Other deities, such as Kukulcan and Chac Mool, came into the line-up as the society changed in Post Classic times. To the common man, who lives or dies by the cycle of rain and drought, Chac remains the god most frequently involved in daily life.
He went on to hint at how in Mayan circles, suicide committed due to depression, sickness or pain was seen in a relatively positive light, and as such, the deceased person was allowed to the gloria heaven , often accompanied by Ix Tab, the goddess of the gallows.
As for another hypothesis, Ix Tab might have been the female version of Ah Tab or Ah Tabay — a minor Mayan god of hunting associated with snaring or deceiving.
Often associated with alcoholic brews, Acan or Akan was regarded as one of the Mayan gods who reveled in the boisterous celebrations and drinking.
Unsurprisingly, he was the patron of balche , a Mesoamerican cocktail made from fermented honey and the bitter bark of Blache tree.
In some cases, Acan was also represented as a close friend or aspect of Cucoch , the Mayan god of creative endeavors, thereby also underlining how artistic flair was seen as an extension of recreational activities.
Also known as the Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl in Aztec mythology , the origins of Kukulkan go back to the Late Preclassic Period, as is evident from the representation of the serpent god found at the Olmec site of La Venta.
The stela, dating from some time between — BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person possibly a priest.
Incredibly enough, given the diversity of cultures in Mesoamerica and the ever-evolving nature of myths and lore, Kukulkan was also portrayed in forms that went beyond the morphology of serpents.
For example, dating from circa — AD, there are a few representations of Kukulkan, especially from the site of Xochicalco a pre-Columbian site that was settled by Mayan traders that are distinctly human in form.
A few of them were possibly even inspired by human rulers who were carved their legacy by influence and conquests. Its center of worship probably pertained to Teotihuacan, the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, by circa 1st century AD.
The question can be raised — why was the deity particularly associated with a serpent. Mayans saw their gods act in every event.
Because of the complexity, early European observers likely did not fully grasp the Mayan religion and pantheon. However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods.
These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world.
Itzamna taught humans the crafts of writing and medicine. Itzamna is sometimes identified with the high god Hunab Ku and the sun god Kinich Ahau.
A nature god, Yum Kaax is the god of wild plants and animals, the god of the woods. He is the god venerated by hunters and by farmers, who hunt wild animals or carve their fields out of his forest.
The Mayans had both a female and a male maize god and both a simple vegetative god and a more powerful, tonsured male maize god.Maya (/ ˈ m ɑː j ə /; Devanagari: माया, IAST: māyā), literally "illusion" or "magic", has multiple meanings in Indian philosophies depending on the context. In later Vedic texts and modern literature dedicated to Indian traditions, Māyā connotes a "magic show, an illusion where things appear to be present but are not what they seem". Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king. He is also known in the Mayan codices as God G and is shown in many carvings on Mayan pyramids. Itzamná is also known as Zamna, is mainly the Mayan god of wisdom. He is considered the creator of science and knowledge. Also known as the Sun God, Lord of Heaven, day and night. Zamna is one of the most worshiped gods in the Mayan pantheon as he speaks of the path, work, and sacrifice of the true man. There were a lot of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pantheon, although some gods were the most powerful. For instance, one of the most powerful Mayan gods was Chac who was the god of rain, thunder, fertility, and agriculture. The Mayan sun god, also one of the most powerful Mayan gods, was called Kinich Ahau or Ahaw Kin. Among the notable Mayan gods were the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob, the god of thunder and rain called Chac and others. Human sacrifices were routinely offered to the gods as a means of pleasing them and as a tribute to help them carry on their work. Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods.